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Tomatoes for the Home Garden

Image by Couleur from Pixabay

Tomatoes are the foremost popular garden vegetable. they're found in home gardens, even where the climate isn't suitable for commercial tomato production. Fortunately, tomatoes are responsive. Given sufficient care and therefore the proper microclimate, they will delight gardeners and reward their efforts.

Varieties of tomatoes are so numerous they cause confusion. For the gardener buying transplants, the condition of those transplants is probably more important than the variability. an honest transplant should be a minimum of as wide because it is high, have a stem the dimensions of a pencil with a small purpling at the bottom of the stem, and have dark green, thick foliage.

Transplant tomatoes are generally hybrids of the currently popular types: Celebrity, Early Girl, Big Boy, Fantastic and large Beef. If you would like something aside from these common (but good) varieties, consider ordering seed early within the season and growing your own plants. this needs a facility that allows temperature and lightweight control, usually a free-standing greenhouse. However, acceptable transplants could also be produced during a basement with sufficient light.

If you've got tried tomatoes within the past and are frustrated, consider planting cherry tomato varieties.  These often ripen earlier within the season, allowing the gardener to possess that fresh-tomato taste earlier within the season.  Often, these are often good choices for young gardeners also.

Tomato growing requirements generally are:

  • Light. While some plants can grow on a window sill, a tomato won't be productive if it receives light from just one side for 3 or fours hours each day. It must have full sunlight for eight or more hours each day so as to try to to its best.
  • Temperature. the foremost frequent explanation for poor fruit set and rough tomatoes, particularly on the fruit cluster, is low night temperatures. A tomato, properly hardened, can endure night temperatures right down to freezing without injury. However, pollen won't be produced in sufficient quantities in the dark temperatures below 50 degrees F. When lower temperatures prevail, fruit will set poorly or not in the least.
  • Fertilizer. Like most other Crops, tomatoes perform best during a good, rich Garden soil. However, nitrogen fertilizer over 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet per annum could be excessive. Apply all fertilizer before planting to market the event of sturdy plants to hold the fruit load afterward. After the fruit sets, the stress should get on its maturing.
  • Occasionally, if heavy rains occur, soil nitrates could also be depleted. Replenish them with another 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet. this could not be done after Lammas because it'll induce vine growth at the expense of ripening the fruit.
  • Water. From the time of transplanting until late August, apply about 1 inch of water per week. this is often not a substitute for daily attention to the soil moisture. During August, it's time to ripen fruit and this will be hastened by withholding water. Avoid prolonged wilting.
Every gardener would really like to dispense with pesticides and let natural predators lookout of their pest problems. With the exception of psyllids, you'll generally get a tomato crop without pesticides as long as you control weeds and therefore the plants receive good culture. However, to avoid having some plants turn purple and dry up within the middle of the season, control psyllids with an insecticidal soap, sulfur dust or labeled insecticide.

As the season draws to an in depth, many green tomatoes will still get on the vine. With a touch effort, a short lived plastic greenhouse could also be constructed over the plants to increase the season. Support the plastic so it doesn't touch the foliage. Ventilate to stop excess buildup of warmth during the day. Later, when frosts occur regularly, there'll not be enough ground heat to stop freezing within the shelter. At this point, harvest the remaining fruit, individually wrap it in newspaper, and store it during a cool place. As needed, fruit could also be unwrapped and placed on a window sill to ripen.
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